Teak


Teak
   Kyun in Burmese, historically Burma's most important forest resource. Teak (Tectonia grandis) is a deciduous tropical hardwood that grows best in upland areas, often reaching tremendous height (50 meters) and girth (5 meters). Easily identified by their large leaves, teak trees grow in mixed forests, where they comprise no more than 10 to 15 percent of all arboreal species. Durable and insect-resistant, a tree can take as long as 150 years to reach maturity. Traditionally a royal monopoly, teak was used for the construction of Buddhist monasteries, royal palaces, and substantial housing, as well as furniture and elaborate wooden ornamentation, the latter being a welldeveloped art in Burma. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the British used it extensively for shipbuilding. After the Second AngloBurmese War, they established a strict system of forest conservation that delivered high yields without depleting forest reserves, making teak an important colonial-era export. The system continued, with some modifications, until the untrammeled commercialization of forestry under the State Law and Order Restoration Council after 1988. Although Tectona grandis is found in Thailand, China, Indonesia, and India, the world's most extensive stands of teak, 70 percent of the total, are found in Burma. Because of foreign exploitation and the popularity of teak for use in furniture and flooring, however, they are being rapidly depleted, especially along the Thai and Chinese borders.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Synonyms:
(Tectona grandis)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Teak — foliage and seeds Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Teak — Sn (ein Edelholz) erw. exot. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. teak, dieses aus port. teca, dieses aus malayalam tēkka, tamil. tēkka, nicht indogermanischen Ursprungs.    Ebenso nndl. teak, ne. teak, nfrz. teck, nschw. teak, nnorw. teak. ✎… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Teak — (t[=e]k), n. [Malayalam tekku.] (Bot.) A tree of East Indies ({Tectona grandis}) which furnishes an extremely strong and durable timber highly valued for shipbuilding and other purposes; also, the timber of the tree. [Written also {teek}.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • teak — tèak s.m.inv. TS bot.com. → tek {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1813. ETIMO: dall ingl. teak …   Dizionario italiano

  • Teak — [ti:k] das; s <aus engl. teak, dies über port. teca aus Malayalam (einer drawidischen Sprache des südwestlichen Indien) tekka> Kurzform von ↑Teakholz …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • teak — [ tik ] noun count a large tree with hard yellow brown wood and white flowers a. uncount the valuable hard wood of a teak tree, often used for making furniture …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Teak — Teak‹holz›: Der Name des asiatischen Nutzholzes wurde im 19. Jh. aus engl. teak entlehnt, das seinerseits aus gleichbed. port. teca übernommen ist. Dies stammt aus tekka, einem Wort der südindischen Drawidasprache Malayalam …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Teak — [tiːk] das; s; nur Sg; das sehr harte Holz eines tropischen Baums, das besonders bei der Produktion von teuren Möbeln und Schiffen verwendet wird || K : Teakholz, Teakmöbel …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • Teak — 〈 [ti:k] n.; Gen.: s; Pl.: unz.; kurz für〉 Teakholz …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • teak — [ti:k] n [Date: 1600 1700; : Portuguese; Origin: teca, from Malayalam tekka] [U] a hard yellowish brown wood that is used for making ships and good quality furniture …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • teak — type of East Indian tree, 1690s, from Port. teca, from Malayam tekka, corresponding to Tamil tekku, Telegu teku, Kanarese tegu …   Etymology dictionary